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Paradigm

09/08/2011

What is a paradigm? 

In today’s class, Clare made it perfectly clear (!) how ontology, epistemology and research all came together – in paradigms. I thought to myself, great, now it makes perfect sense! But what is a paradigm?

Here’s a definition by Creswell:

Stating a  knowledge claim means that researchers start a project with certain assumptions about how they will learn and what they will learn during their inquiry. These claims might be called paradigms, philosophical assumptions, epistemologies and ontologies; or broadly conceived research methodologies. Philosophically, researchers make claims about what is knowledge (ontology), how we know it (epistemology), what values go into it (axiology), how we write about it (rhetoric), and the processes for studying it (methodology). (2003, p.6)

He then introduces “four schools of thought about knowledge claims: postpositivism, constructivism, advocacy/participatory, and pragmatism.”

Creswell, J. W. (2003) Research design: Qualitative, quantitative and mixed methods approaches (2nd ed) USA: Sage

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2 Comments
  1. Clare permalink
    10/08/2011 12:28 am

    Phew! I got it right then?!! 🙂

    • 10/08/2011 4:35 pm

      You can spend hours searching on the Internet, read all the books, checkout all the forum posts, but when you hear it from an expert researcher, with real passion, it makes it much easier to understand. It just puts everything into perspective. Thank you Clare!!

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